Entertainment


By Mr.6

Source:  http://mr6.cc/?p=2570

昨天在《Popular Science》有篇對學習力很重要的文章,它引述這期《Psychological Science》期刊的一篇研究,這篇研究打翻了大家習慣的學習法:第一課應該要是最簡單的,第二課比第一課難,到了第100課最難;我們的學習,應該從「簡單」上到「最難」,一步一步來,一天比一天難?

科學家找來一群小朋友作實驗,讓他們學三樣從沒碰過的事情,第一樣事情,從最簡單的開始教起,慢慢的由簡入難,第二樣事情,則從最艱難的開始,再慢 慢的教到簡單的,第三樣事情則隨便亂跳,一下簡單的,一下難的,結果科學家發現,有些課程似乎「沒差別」,先教難的簡單的都一樣,但有些課程出現差異,而 且都是「第二組」的效果最好

也就是說,第一課應該上最難的,然後第100課才應該上最簡單的。

如果課程已經排好了,那就應該從最後一課開始學起

這個結果,想必要震撼教育界了。當然這個實驗不能完全顛覆所有的學習方法,有些學習方法如果真的從太難的開始,可能從來都不可能學得起來,學生也會變得很沮喪,但這實驗告訴我們,無論是訓練自己孩子,或訓練自己?不妨考慮一下,從最難的開始學起,看看效果怎樣?

想學英文,直接從最深的第10級開始上

想學西班牙文,直接買最難的DVD來看。

想學電腦?直接到最難的課程去。

有趣的是,科學家觀察那些從「困難到簡單」的成功案例,歸納了兩點讓此方法特別有效的原因,還蠻有道理的:

一,重覆練習:困難問題的解法,很有可能可以再應用到簡單問題的解法,而且難題都解了,簡單的問題就不需要指導 了,也就是說,一旦好不容易學會了一個難題,再回到簡單的問題時,就可以多一次「自己復習」的機會,但反之往往不亦然,難的問題永遠需要再多學一點點才能 完整,永遠都在上坡,永遠都不能復習。

二,跳脫死模:困難的問題由於過於困難,往往可以瞬間促進學生們去跳脫「原本的思考方式」,學生以後看題目,就 比較不會照字、照系統來看,改為習慣用抽象(abstract)的方式來思考全局。雖然仍舊稚氣,但至少拉得非常遠、非常高,這種「跳脫」本身也是一種訓 練,讓學生接下來再去解那些比較簡單但也有點難度的問題時,可以用一樣的「抽象」方式來思考該怎麼回答這題,學生的格局可以瞬間拉高拉大。

然而我認為有第三點。

也就是「成就感」的部份。

我覺得,「學習」這件事很奇妙,尤其是離開學校後再回來學習,早已不若在學校自由自在,有點壓力,其中原因之一,就是「我已經慢別人好多了」!(當然除非我們是學瑜珈之類的,就沒有壓力)。

這時候,如果可以從最難的開始學起,就會產生一股沒有邊際的「盼望」。

這盼望就是,我有可能在短時間內學得比別人快,也可以在第一堂課以後,只要解了這一題,就瞬間比人家學三個月還多!

我不知道大家是怎麼學習的,我自己學習,很重視這種「超越別人」的成就感。學習就是要超越別人,達到其他人沒有的境界,這樣的成就感,或說是對這樣成就感的「盼望」,會讓學習的期間充滿樂趣、充滿精神。

如果學習只是為了「補上」、「趕上」,學習的效果就會差很多。

先丟一個最難的習作上來,稱作「大浪學習法」,先拿一個最大的浪整個打下去,浪退了,至少留一些東西下來,這樣可能比一點一點的往陸地推進要來得有較大的成就感。簡單的問題往往每一題都在學新的東西,或許重覆性質沒這麼高,反之,大浪以後,學了一兩個困難的,進入簡單時,很快就能享受「我知道怎麼解」的樂趣,可能也促進大腦更努力去學習。

這篇文章和上周的「慢學」應該沒有衝突,學習的「速度」可以慢慢,但什麼先學、什麼後學可以調整。學東西,應該先從最難的開始,真是讓人意想不到,是不?

某日, R公司因为没有及时订水,所以饮水机没有水可以喝.

所有人都在抱怨.但是没有人想到要出去买水.我想大致出于以下几种理由:

1. 买了水得买其它同事的份,可以得损失一笔

2. 人懒,宁愿没水喝也不想去买

3. 等人出去买,不用担心1和2

因此,一大群在那里,就一直没有水喝.

J君本来不喜欢喝水,平时也很少喝水,但洞察到以上三种原因,于是,自己觉得没有必要这样,就出去买了水回来请大家喝.

故事1完

差不多半年后,同样的情况又发生了,还是没水喝.这一次,也是同样的情况,不同的是换了几个同事.J君还是同样的想法,但想研究如果没有人站出来去买水,大家能坚持多久.于是就一直没有行动,而是在观察.

而周围的人还是只有抱怨,但是没有行动.

过了一个多小时,终于有E君忍不住了,说出去买水.这时所有人都说”我也要,帮我买一瓶回来”.

水买回来了,每人一瓶.E君没有说收钱.这时没有人给钱.

J君站出来了,拿出钱,然后说”好了,大家给钱给E君吧”有一些人拿出钱来,一些人开始掏钱包,不过发现没零钱.

J君给钱E君,E君出来说请大家.然后大部分人就没有给钱的意思.只有J君和R君坚持给钱.

故事2完

难怪没人想出去买水

一般我一年会看四次男儿当入樽. 同样的剧情,同样的台词,不知道为什么,从初中看到现在还是百看不厌. 看着看着,我就会想到为什么日本人会这么厉害.我觉得他们很注重从小时候就教育好自己的小孩.

男儿当入樽,足球小将,圣斗士星矢,如此多的动画片,核心都是永不放弃的精神,为了自己的目标而不懈努力.相比之下,我觉得我们在小时候接受的这种教育实在是比较少.中国在少儿教育方面还是得多加努力.

说了这么多废话,也是时候说说主题了.每次看男儿当入樽,最让我有思想活动的总是那个细节:樱木花道面对啊牧的时候的眼神,还有那句话”我要超越你”,总是让我很有激情,很想在以后的工作中再加把劲.虽然一段时间后可以激情会有所减退,但是时不时看一下又会有激情回来.

所以有时候看看动画片还真是不错! 孔子也说:温故而知新.知新不肯定,但肯定能够激发起心中的激情.

超越吧,Jeff.

Jeff

27 Sep, 2008

Kobe

Well, I have to confess that Kobe Bryant is now my favorite athlete.

There are three reasons:

1. Kobe’s fabulous basketball skills

I don’t think there is a need to mention his basketball skills, ever since people started to compare him to Michael Jordan. Offense and defense, there is nothing Kobe Bryant cannot do well. Once he is determined, you got to be careful.

2. Kobe’s Attitude

Kobe_1

How can you not like him after you have seen this picture? He played like that was his last match…That attitude deserves people’s respect. And I should learn from him as well.

3. Kobe has the heart of a Champion.

I like this “Heart”. It makes things happen!!! Every time you see Huston Rocket lost the game, and T-Mac or Yao Ming didn’t step out for the last ball (chance), you know the importance of that “Heart”. You want to be the champion, you got to have that heart.

There are few people like Kobe Bryant that can and dare to step out, dare to take the responsibility, and dare to take the challenge, to fight for the last ball. He fights to win the game. And I just think that every one should have the heart of a Champion, while in life you may have the heart of a winner.

From my recent work experience I just have a faith on this: You got to have the heart.

That matters much. Once you have the very “Heart”, you will fight for everything and things go on your way. You will see the magic power of the “Heart”.

You got to have the heart, Jeff!

Jeff

25 Nov, 2007

Well, finally I am going to have “my” football back. Finally I can play football in a fine football pitch, rather than the sand one, if a football pitch full of sand was called like that…lol

I don’t know why it has brought me back to my football memory so many times, in a single day, but I guess it is like I Love Football the best, where some of my happiest moments lie in.

Here is my football memory:

Phase One: Primary school (Grade Three to Grade Six)

I moved to Shantou when I was in Grade Three, from a countryside, and that’s the first time I came to know something called Football. Wow, I like that! I was crazy about it and every day, nearly every day if not exaggerating, I was honing my skills. I must commit that I was a quick-learner and kind of born with gift and talent, I become one of the best players among my friends. I still our Class Football Team was a very strong one and beated other teams in our primary school. That’s sweet! And something must be mentioned here, I knew Ronaldo at Grade five, and he then became my all-time hero. I just love him, every moment no matter he play best football, or fine football when his knee refused to support him…lol

Ronaldo

 

Ronaldo_1996-1997

Phase Two: Junior High SchoolI seldom played football in this period because there was no football pitch in my school. That’s awful. Just remembered that I picked up some other hobbies like Table Tennis and Basketball, and by the way, I love Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant very much too.

Phase Three: Senior High School (Happiest period)

It is the most memory I used to dream about. I was lucky to go to a high school that had a fine football pitch. I played football three or four times every weeks and to be honest, I was one of the best players as well if not the best…I played Ronaldo’s football of 1996-1997, I believed that most football fans were crazy about him at that time…He is phenomenal…

Phase Four: University (Sucks)

We did get a football pitch, but a sand one…It is just like a beach football pitch. You don’t have speed here, a lot of fun had gone and I seldom showed up there…I think I kinda of miss “my” football very much

Phase Five: Present (Let’s see)

Well, a new and fine football pitch was bulit in our university now right after I graduated from it…That’s unfair…But, lol, I just live around this area, and simply I can just go and play there…And the most exciting thing now is that I am going to have my first show there this afternoon, like six hours later…lol

God!!! I just cannot wait to play “my” football, the Ronaldo style football…

Keep playing “my” football

Jeff

10 Nov, 2007

Well, finally I am going to have “my” football back. Finally I can play football in a fine football pitch, rather than the sand one, if a football pitch full of sand was called like that…lol

I don’t know why it has brought me back to my football memory so many times, in a single day, but I guess it is like I Love Football the best, where some of my happiest moments lie in.

Here is my football memory:

Phase One: Primary school (Grade Three to Grade Six)

I moved to Shantou when I was in Grade Three, from a countryside, and that’s the first time I came to know something called Football. Wow, I like that! I was crazy about it and every day, nearly every day if not exaggerating, I was honing my skills. I must commit that I was a quick-learner and kind of born with gift and talent, I become one of the best players among my friends. I still our Class Football Team was a very strong one and beated other teams in our primary school. That’s sweet! And something must be mentioned here, I knew Ronaldo at Grade five, and he then became my all-time hero. I just love him, every moment no matter he play best football, or fine football when his knee refused to support him…lol

Ronaldo

 

Ronaldo_1996-1997

Phase Two: Junior High SchoolI seldom played football in this period because there was no football pitch in my school. That’s awful. Just remembered that I picked up some other hobbies like Table Tennis and Basketball, and by the way, I love Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant very much too.

Phase Three: Senior High School (Happiest period)

It is the most memory I used to dream about. I was lucky to go to a high school that had a fine football pitch. I played football three or four times every weeks and to be honest, I was one of the best players as well if not the best…I played Ronaldo’s football of 1996-1997, I believed that most football fans were crazy about him at that time…He is phenomenal…

Phase Four: University (Sucks)

We did get a football pitch, but a sand one…It is just like a beach football pitch. You don’t have speed here, a lot of fun had gone and I seldom showed up there…I think I kinda of miss “my” football very much

Phase Five: Present (Let’s see)

Well, a new and fine football pitch was bulit in our university now right after I graduated from it…That’s unfair…But, lol, I just live around this area, and simply I can just go and play there…And the most exciting thing now is that I am going to have my first show there this afternoon, like six hours later…lol

God!!! I just cannot wait to play “my” football, the Ronaldo style football…

Keep playing “my” football

Jeff

10 Nov, 2007

Wow, I finally deleted PES6 from my computer. Sweet and bitter!

=> Why sweet?

It’s not PES6’s fault, but PES6 is the problem. First, I have to say that the one developed this game is a genius. PES6 brings me great joys. I played everyday I went back from work, though it was only a match of 15 minutes. The problem is that I cannot control myself play more during the weekend, the time period which I do think I should focus on personal development like reading books on Time Management or Project Management, etc. The problem existed for several months and luckily it came to an end.

=> Why bitter?

You can easily tell, I cannot play it any more, since my brother took my installation disc away from me. Thinking of that I can no longer play football with Ronaldo and Zidane (Here I mean the team which I composed in the game). What a great pity!

=>> What’s next?

Since I make my decision to give more time to my books, I will keep my words. If everything goes fine, I am going to have two new books on Time Management and Project Management, that is what I have been expecting for several weeks.

Just want to grow up…Sorry PES6, Goodbye PES6, Love You, PES6!

Jeff

23 September, 2007